Academic Integrity

Academic plagiarism is a critical offense.  There are few issues which subvert the very foundation and purpose of education, and this represents one.  When another’s work is openly presented as ones own, it not only defrauds the original author of their due credit, it depletes the potential for future development outside of and beyond that realm.  By “stealing” an idea/concept/theory/argument/text (see below definition of plagiarism as theft), you disservice the original author, limit your personal development, and by extension, that of those with whom you interact.

Plagiarism is not always a blatant attempt to cheat, however. By simply utilizing another’s material and not citing it the same offense is committed, only passively.

For either of these offenses, blatantly/covertly copying others work without giving credit, scholars have published works publicly retracted and careers destroyed (  As a student of this course you will be exercising your ability to think and write critically, and you will be held to a similar standard as those in the profession.  Any assignments written and submitted that do not include citations and references will receive an immediate failing grade, and in turn, the student will be referred to the appropriate university authority.

One definition of plagiarism from Webster’s Dictionary is as follows:

DEF: to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own: use (a created production) without crediting the source: to commit literary theft: present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.

Further examples of plagiarism include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Submitting work other than ones own prepared through a professional service.
  • Collaborating on an assignment against the expressed instructions of the course instructor.
  • Summarizing or paraphrasing without proper documentation, ideas from another source.
  • Providing facts, figures, statistics, or other material without properly attributing the source.

As you are writing, the question will often arise as to whether a citation/reference is required.  An excellent rule of thumb is this: if it’s not common knowledge, cite it.   Obviously this rule is vague, but that is not without purpose.  In an era of open information many thoughts, ideas, and arguments are widely available at little expense to those collecting or disseminating them.  As a consequence, sources of information have proliferated.  One should never assume that all outlets present similar ideas (even if on the same topic), or that the reader has access to all sources of information.  Further, no one has time to read and interpret everything, and one should not assume that the reader has done so.  As a consequence of open information, there is next to nothing which is truly common knowledge.  When in doubt, cite it.

Proper Citation Format (APSA)

All written work for this course must include both a reference section and citations in text.  Below you will find some of the more commonly used material citations . If none of these examples are sufficient, please see a recent edition of the APSA Style Guide hosted by the Trinity College Library (

Parenthetical Citations

In Text (single author):

  • The manner in which rebels are recruited is  becoming increasingly important (Weinstein 2005).
  • For Weinstein (2005), pecuniary rewards and ethnicity have divergent effects on recruiting.
  • The presence of wealth can, in fact, have a “deleterious effect on the ability of a rebel group to attract committed rebels” (Weinstein 2005, 378).

In Text (multiple author):

  • Recent studies shed light on the variety of approaches scholars use to explain conflict (Bennett and Stam 2003).
  • As Bennett and Stam (2003) show, particular theoretical approaches provide far more substantive value than others.
  • Single point explanations are “not explanatory for intricate multi-faceted phenomena, such as international conflict” (Bennett and Stam 2003, 57).

In Text (News Paper):

  • The United States in turn, requested the tax regulations be revisited (The New York Times 1973).

In Text (Online Web Resource):

  • The Central Intelligence Agency reports that as of 2008, Afghanistan was one of the worlds largest producers of opium (Central Intelligence Agency).

Online material citations are often finicky.  For questions, see both the reference section of this page, and the APSA Style Guide to assure sufficient reference to such material. At a minimum your in text citation must allow the reader to locate the source in the reference list.


  • Journal Article

Weinstein, Jeremy M. 2005. “Resources and the Information Problem in Rebel Recruitment.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 49(4) 598-624.

  • Book (entirety)

Weinstein, Jeremy M. 2007. Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence. New York Cambridge University Press.

  • Book (chapter from edited volume)

Zartman, William I. 2000. “Ripeness: The Hurting Stalemate and Beyond.” In International Conflict Resolution after the Cold War, ed. Paul Stern, and Daniel Druckman. Washington: National Academy Press.

  • Book (Edited volume)

Rosenau, James N. ed., 1964. International Aspects of Civil Strife. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

  • Online Web Resource

Central Intelligence Agency. 2007.  The World Factbook. Accessed 20 May 2007.

It is important to be aware that online content changes readily. Very often such material is updated retroactively. Including the date of access is very important when citing such electronic material.

  • News Paper

Kilborn, Peter T. 1985. “A Feud over Fruit.” The New York Times, February 18.

  • Film
    • Kravchenko, Aleksei. Come and See. DVD. Directed by Elem Klimov. Sovexportfilm, 1985.

CSUP Policies on Academic Integrity

This page deals primarily with plagiarism as a violation of academic integrity. This is not the extent to which ethical behavior in the classroom exists, however, and one should not assume that plagiarism is the only way that one violates codes of academic integrity. For a detailed listing of issues and processes involving and related to academic integrity at Colorado State University — Pueblo, follow this link:

References for this Page

The idea for this page originated with my colleague, Professor Paul Hensel.  To view his extensive page on plagiarism and alternative means of citation, follow this link: (last access 15 August 2015).